Quân đội Trung Quốc đã tiến hành bắn thử đồng loạt 10 tên lửa
Quân đội Trung Quốc đã tiến hành bắn thử đồng loạt 10 tên lửa nhằm phô trương sức mạnh.
Thứ Năm tuần trước, truyền thông Trung Quốc cho biết, đợt thử nghiệm đồng thời 10 tên lửađạn đạo tầm trung DF-21 đã được thực hiện tại nước này.
Theo hãng thông tấn Xinhua, những tên lửa trên "có thể phá hủy các căn cứ Mỹ tại châu Á-Thái Bình Dương bất cứ lúc nào".
Truyền hình Trung Quốc đăng tải hình ảnh về vụ phóng tên lửa
Thông tin về cuộc thử nghiệm được tiết lộ trên Đài truyền hình trung ương Trung Quốc hôm 28/11, trùng với thời điểm ông Trump đưa ra tuyên bố về các quan chức cấp cao mới trong chính phủ.
Tuy nhiên, thông tin về việc phóng cùng lúc 10 tên lửa mới được Trung Quốc đưa ra hôm thứ Năm, khi ông Trump thông báo sẽ đề cử Tướng Thủy quân lục chiến về hưu James Mattis làm Bộ trưởng Quốc phòng.
"Chúng tôi sẽ chỉ định Mattis "Chó Điên" làm Bộ trưởng Quốc phòng" - Tổng thống đắc cử Mỹ Donald Trump thông báo trước cử tri ở Cincinnati, bang Ohio hôm 1/12. Việc bổ nhiệm dự kiến được công bố chính thức vào thứ Hai, ngày 5/12 (giờ địa phương).
Ông Mattis là một trong những tướng lĩnh lừng danh nhất của Thủy quân lục chiến Mỹ. Tuy nhiên, trong con mắt của Trung Quốc, Mattis lại là hình ảnh "hiếu chiến" điển hình của Mỹ, tô đậm thêm sắc thái "diều hâu" của chính quyền Trump.
Trước đó, vào tháng 1/2015, viên tướng về hưu đã chỉ trích chính sách an ninh của Obama và nói rằng "vì các hành động của Trung Quốc ở biển Đông ngày càng rõ rệt, Mỹ cần xây dựng lực lượng hải quân hùng mạnh và có nhiều tàu chiến hơn".
Ông tuyên bố, "dù chúng ta nỗ lực duy trì quan hệ tốt ở Thái Bình Dương với Trung Quốc, nhưng nếu Trung Quốc tiếp tục bành trướng ở biển Đông và các khu vực khác, chúng ta buộc phải đặt ra chính sách cân bằng tương ứng".
Xinhua khẳng định, tên lửa DF-21 có thể sánh ngang với tên lửa tầm trung Pershing II của Mỹ (đã bị loại bỏ theo Hiệp ước tên lửa tầm trung giữa Mỹ-Nga).
Rick Fisher, chuyên gia về quân đội Trung Quốc, xác nhận rằng các vụ phóng này sử dụng biến thể tên lửa DF-21C.
Ngoài ra, ông Fisher lưu ý rằng, vụ phóng thử nghiệm diễn ra khi Trung Quốc đang tiến hành các cuộc tập trận hải quân quy mô lớn.
"Trung Quốc đang khua chiêng gõ trống để tạo nền tảng cho chiến tranh tâm lý" - ông Fisher nhận định.
Tên lửa DF-21 đã được Trung Quốc phát triển thành nhiều biến thể, trong đó có biến thể chống tàu DF-21D.
DF-21C là tên lửa cơ động tấn công mặt đất, với tầm bắn khoảng 1.600km. Ngoài ra, Trung Quốc đang phát triển một phiên bản khác có khả năng chống vệ tinh.
Một số hình ảnh về vụ phóng do Sina đăng tải:
Top 10 Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
Currently Top 10 intercontinental missiles in the the world are these:
The Trident D5, or Trident II, is a submarine-launched ballistic missile. It is an improved version of the previous Trident C4 with greater payload, range and accuracy. It was first deployed in 1990. These missile are deployed by the United States and the United Kingdom. The US Trident II missiles are carried by 14 Ohio class submarines, while the British missiles are carried by 4Vanguard class submarines.
The Trident II missile has a range of 7 800 km with full load and 12 000 km with reduced load. So even though the Trident II does not have the longest range comparing with other ICBMs, ballistic submarines armed with these missiles can always approach their targets, to reduce their flight range so to speak.
Each US Trident II missiles can carry up to 14 warheads with a 475 kT yield each. Though START I agreement reduced this number to 8. Re-entry vehicles maneuver in order to avoid enemy air defenses. Each re-entry vehicle is targeted independently. The British missiles use different locally built re-entry vehicles. British missiles reportedly can carry up to 12 warheads per missile.
The Trident II is a very accurate missile. It has a CEP of around 90 m. It is guided on the target by astro-inertial navigation system, but can also receive GPS updates.
The Triden II missile not only has impressive range, great payload and is very accurate. Another major advantage of the Trident II over other ballistic missiles is that it is submarine-launched. It is worth noting that USA controls most of the water area with its fleet. It allows these submarines to remain undetected on their ocean patrols. It makes these ICMBs extremely deadly. At the same time positions of stationary silo-based ballistic missiles are known and are targeted by hostile nuclear missiles. So ballistic submarines with Trident II missiles have a high probability of surviving the first strike, once the country has been attacked.
It is planned that upgraded versions of the Trident II missiles will remain in service until 2042.
The Soviet R-36 (Western designation SS-9 Scarp) was first tested in 1971. Eventually it evolved into an R-36M family, known in the West as SS-18 Satan. A first batch of 56 missiles was deployed in 1977. These were later replaced by more modern variants. The latest one is the R-36M2 Voyevoda (SS-18 Mod 6). It was first deployed in 1988.
The SS-18 Satan is a very capable missile, mainly because of its high speed and extremely high throw weight. Russia was and is still ahead of the West in development of missile engines. The R-36M2 missile has a range of 11 000 km and carry up to 10 MIRVs with a blast yield of 0.75-1 MT and up to 40 penetration aids. So its nuclear warheads are hard to intercept by air defense systems. CEP is 220 m. So even though it is not the most accurate missile it coupes in full with its payload. Some sources report that a single SS-18 Satan missile with MIRVs can completely destroy 3 US states, such as Maryland, Vermont and Rhode Island.
The Satan is a silo-based missile. Silos are located in dispersed locations across Russia. The silo launcher and command point are hardened against a nuclear explosion. However positions of these missiles are known. That why this missile is ranked second on this list. Though in terms of range and payload it is clearly superior to the US Trident II.
A number of operational Satan missiles are steadily decreasing due to their age. Missiles that age past their designed operational lifetime are being withdrawn. Currently there are a total of 58 R-36M2 missiles deployed by the Russian Strategic Missile Forces.
The Russian RS-24 Yars is a new intercontinental ballistic missile. It is known in the West as SS-29. It is an improved version of the previous RS-12M Topol-M. It was developed both as a road-mobile and silo-based system, that would use the same missile. It was adopted by Russian Strategic Missile Forces in 2010 and deployed during the same year. As of 2016 Russian Strategic Missile Forces deployed 63 mobile and 10 silo-based Yars ICBMs. It is planned that the Yars will become the mainstay of the ground-based component of Russian nuclear triad.
This solid-fuel missile is similar to that of the Topol-M. The Yars has a range of 12 000 km. The main difference from the previous missile is that Yars is MIRV-equipped and can carry at least 6 independently targetable warheads with 100-300 kT yield. Other sources report that this missile can carry up to 10 re-entry vehicles. It is very likely, considering that the previous Topol-M could carry 10 warheads. CEP of the Yars is 150-200 m.
The Yars was designed to evade missile defense systems. This missile maneuvers during the flight and carries both active and passive decoys. It is estimated that it has at least 60-65% chance to penetrate defenses.
The road-mobile Yars uses the same highly mobile 16x16 wheeled chassis as the previous Topol-M. Externally both missiles look similar, but the Yars is heavier and more capable. The mobile launcher has autonomy on roads of 500 km. Once on high alert, the Yars leaves its base and operates in remote forest areas to increase its survivability. Its range allows the mobile launcher with missile to operate undetected in an area equivalent to a small European country. So such road-mobile ICBMs are harder to detect and hit. These have a high probability of surviving the first strike, once the country has been attacked.
A silo-based version of the Yars is compatible with silo of older Russian ICBMs, that were phased out of service. It uses complete infrastructure of the previous missiles. It only takes to load the new missile into the silo. A typical silo-based unit has 10 Yars missiles and command post.
The Minuteman III is the most numerous US ICBM. It entered service in the 1970. During its introduction it was the first MIRV capable missile. Despite its age these missiles were constantly. Various improvement programs are being implemented to maintain combateffectiveness. The Minuteman III is expected to stay in service until 2030.
The Minuteman III is a silo-based missile. With the removal of the LGM-118 Peacemaker in 2005, the Minuteman III has become the only US land-based ICBM in service, and is a very important member in the US nuclear trinity.
There are 450 of these missiles in the US service. Another 50 to 75 missiles are in reserve. That's the biggest number of ballistic missiles in the world. These are managed by the United States Air Force Global Strike Command. There are silos to fire the Minuteman III missile all around the United States, like in Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming and other US Air Force bases. However all of these missiles are stationary and their positions are known.
The Minuteman III missile has a maximum range of 13 000 km. The original inertial navigation system provided it with an accuracy of about 200 m CEP, but an updated inertial guidance system gives it 120 m CEP.
The Minuteman III carries a payload of three independently targetable reentry vehicles. Each one of this MIRVs is armed with nuclear warhead with a destructive power between 300 to 500 kT. It also carries penetration aids to counter enemy missile defense systems.
So the Minuteman III is agile and has the longest range, but might not be the best intercontinental missile in the world. However the United States operates hundreds of these missiles, so quantity has its own quality.
The R-29RMU2.1 Layner is a recent Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. It is an improved version of the previous R-29RMU2 Sineva. The R-29RMU2.1 Layner was adopted in 2014. It is used on Delta IV class submarines. Previous R-29RMU2 Sineva missiles have reportedly been modified to the new standard.
This Russian submarine-launched missile has a maximum range of 8 300 km with full load and 12 000 km with reduced load. Each missile can carry 12 low-yield warheads. Most likely that these have 100-300 kT capacity. Unusual feature of this missile is that warheads can be of a mixed set with various yields. This missile is equipped with improved systems to overcome anti-ballistic missile shields. It carries decoys. Furthermore it can be configured to can carry less nuclear warheads, but more decoys.
As of 2016 a total of 6 Delta IV class submarines, equipped with ballistic missiles, are in service with the Russian Navy. Submarine basing of the ICBMs allow to survive the first strike. However the Russian Delta IV submarines are not as stealthy as the US or British ballistic missiles. Still though these have a higher chances of surviving than silo-based systems. Furthermore these missiles have sufficient range to be fired straight from the pier, even without need for the submarines to leave their well protected bases.
It is planned that the Delta IV class submarines will be operational until at least 2030.
The M51 is a French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Design work on this missile started in 1992 and it was first deployed in 2010. These missiles are carried by French Le Triomphant classsubmarines. France operates 4 of these submarines.
The M51 has a range of 8 000 km with reduced payload and 10 000 km with full payload. Such range is sufficient to strike most areas in China, Russia or the United States, firing straight from the pier.
Each missile carries 6-10 independently targetable warheads. Each has a blast yield of 107 kT. Furthermore missile carries penetration aids in order to overcome hostile air defenses. Newer version of this missile, that appeared in 2015, the M51.2, carries much more powerful 150 kT warheads.
These French ICBMs have astro-inertial guidance. Galileo satellite navigation system is planned, but not yet fitted. So these missiles may not be as accurate as contemporary missiles with satellite navigation system. CEP of this missile is around 150-200 meters.
France operates a total of 4 Le Triomphant class submarines. Each of them carries 16 ballistic missile. So a total of 64 missiles are ready to use.
These submarine-based missiles have a high probability of surviving the first strike. Once on high alerts these submarines can leave their bases and operate undetected in the Atlantic ocean.
Upgraded version of the M51, the M51.3 is being developed. But it will enter service only in around 2025.
The DF-31AG is a new Chinese Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). First images of this missile system appeared in 2013. It was reportedly tested in 2015 and was first publicly revealed in 2017. This system was previously refereed as the DF-31B, however it appeared that its official name is the DF-31AG. It made its public debut during a major military parade marking the 90th anniversary of the People's Liberation Army. A total of 16 DF-31AG launchers with missiles were publicly presented during this parade. Such appearance of numerous missiles indicates that the DF-31AG is already in service with Second Artillery Corps, that are de facto strategic missile forces of Chinese army. Currently it is among the deadliest ICBMs in the world.
The DF-31AG is a modified and upgraded version of the DF-31A. The previous DF-31A missile is silo based, while its road-mobile version is based on a semi-trailer. On the other hand the new DF-31AG is based on an 8-axle launcher vehicle and is more mobile. This feature widens its deployment options and thus increases survivability. In concept the DF-31AG is similar to Russian road-mobile ICBMs such as Topol and Yars.
The DF-31AG is a solid-fuel missile. It has three stages. This missile has a range of 11 200 km and can reach all areas of United States, Europe and Russia.
While the older DF-31A carries a single warhead, the new DF-31AG reportedly carries multiple independently-targetable warheads (MIRVs). There is a version of the DF-31, that carries 3 MIRVs with 20, 90, or 150 kT blast yield capacity each. Furthermore the DF-31AG has longer range and improved survivability.
Missile has internal navigation system with indigenous Chinese BeiDou satellite navigation system. Some sources suggest that it has an accuracy of 150 meters, or is even more accurate.
This missile carries decoys in order to overcome missile defense systems.
Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) vehicle is based on 8-axle Taian special wheeled chassis. The TEL vehicle has some degree of cross-country mobility, though it is mainly intended to operate on hard surface roads. Vehicle has autonomy on roads of around 500 km.
Once on high alert the road-mobile DF-31AG missiles can leave their bases and operate in remote areas. Its autonomy allows the vehicle to operate undetected in an area equivalent to a small European country. Such mobile missiles are typically harder to intercept than stationary silo-based missiles. As a result these have a high probability of surviving the first strike once the country has been attacked.
Nr.8 JL-2 (China)
The JL-2 is a new Chinese submarine-launched ballistic missile. It is a naval variant of the land-based DF-31. It was first deployed in 2015. It is carried by Jin class submarines. For the first time China has a credible sea-based nuclear strike capability. The sole previous Xia class boat with short-ranged JL-1 missiles had little strategic value.
It is estimated that the new JL-2 missile has a range of 7 400 - 8 000 km. This range is sufficient to reach all areas of Europe, India, Russia, and most areas of the United States. It carries a single 250-1 000 kT warhead, or up to 3-4 MIRVs with 90 kT each.
This missile astro-inertial navigation system with indigenous Chinese BeiDou satellite navigation system. It is estimated that this missiles has a CEP of less than 100 m.
Each Jin class submarine carries 12 of these missiles. As of 2016 China operates 4 of these ballistic missile submarines.
These submarine-based missiles have a high probability of surviving the first strike. Once on high alert these submarines can leave their bases and operate in China's coastal water, protected by the China's fleet. However the Jin class submarines are not as advanced as the Western ballistic missile submarines, and are inferior to the Russian submarines. China was always dragging behind in terms of submarine technology. These submarines are not as stealthy as the current Western and Russian submarines. These are as noisy as the Russian Delta III classsubmarines, that were adopted back in the mid 1970s.
Currently new ballistic missile submarines, as well as new submarine launched ballistic missiles are being developed in China.
The Bulava is a new Russian submarine-launched intercontinental ballistic missile. It is carried by the new Russian Borei class submarines. The Bulava is a naval version of the Topol-M. However development of this missile was plagued by setbacks, as there were numerous failed test launches. It was first deployed and declared operational in 2013. However as of 2017 out of 27 test launches 12 tests were failures. In reality development of this missile still continues.
Overall the Bulava is much less capable than the US Trident D5. It has shorter range, can carry significantly less payload and is not that accurate. It has a declared range of 9 500 km. This missile can carry 6 MIRVs with a yield of 150 kT each. It can also carry 10 MIRVs, though to a range of only 4 000 km. The Bulava has an astro-inertial guidance with Russian GLONASS satellite navigation system update. It has a CEP of 350 m. This missile was designed to overcome hostile air defenses.
Once the country has been attacked these submarine-based missiles have high chances of surviving the first strike.
Each Borei class submarine can carry 16 missiles. As of 2017 there are 3 of these submarines in service with the Russian Navy. The Bulava missile has potential to be road-mobile or rail-based.
On paper the Bulava is more capable than some of the missiles on this Top 10 list. However it still has teething problems that need to be fixed. It is planned that Borei class submarines with these missiles will form a core of the Russian nuclear triad until 2040.
Nr.10 R-29RKU2 (Russia)
The R-29RKU2, or R-29RKU-02, is a Russian submarine-launched ICBM. It is known in the West as the SS-N-18. This missile was adopted by the Russian Navy in 2006. It is carried by Delta III class submarines.
The R-29RKU2 has a range of around 9 000 km. It can reach all areas of China, Europe and the United States. The previous R-29R was the first Soviet sea-based missile with multiple warheads. Most likely that this missile has Astro-inertial guidance with Russian GLONASS satellite navigation system update. Also it it likely that it can overcome enemy air defense systems.
These submarine-based missiles have a high chances of surviving the first strike.
As of 2017 only three Delta III class ballistic missile submarines remain in service with the Russian Navy. Each carries 16 missiles. So a total of 48 R-29RKU2 ICBMs are currently deployed by the Russian Navy.
Both the R-29RKU2 missiles and the Delta III class submarines are very old and are already exceeding their planned service lives. In the near future these are due to be decommissioned and replaced in service by the new Russian Borei class submarines, armed with Bulava missiles.
10. PGM-17 Thor:
The PGM-17 Thor was the first ballistic missile that became operational in the late 1950’s. The U.S. Air Force used it as an intermediate range ballistic missile deployed in the United Kingdom. It was an impressive missile with a height of 20 meters and a diameter of 2.4 meters. It helped in the development of the delta rockets that were used as space launch vehicles.
9. V-2 Rocket:
The V-2 rocket was the precursor to all of today’s missile and rocket technology. It was the first man made object to enter outer space. It was developed in the Nazi regime during the end of World War II and was used mainly to bomb London and Antwerp. More than 3000 V-2s were launched which killed about 9000 civilians and soldiers while 12000 forced laborers died in concentration camps while making these missiles.
Tomahawk is a medium to long range missile used by the U.S. Navy. It is asubsonic missilethat can be launched from both ships and submarines. It was introduced in 1970’s and still continues to be in operation in many forms. It is powered by a jet engine and has the capability to target a variety of surface targets.
7. Agni series:
The indigenous developed, intercontinental, surface to surface, nuclear capable ballistic missile is unlike other missiles in the Agni series. Agni-V is the most advanced system so far, which has various new technologies incorporated in it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine. The very high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) and the most modern and accurate Micro Navigation System (MINS) ensures that the missile reaches the target point within few meters of accuracy designated The three-stage missile is about 17 meters long and weighs about 50 tonnes. The first rocket engine equipped with the missile lifts it to a height of about 40 kilometers. The second stage pushes it to about 150 kilometers. The third stage takes Agni-V to about 300 kilometers above the Earth. And the missile finally reaches a height of about 800 kilometers.With CEP less than 10 meter’s it is considered as world’s most accurate Nuclear missile.
6. Jericho lll:
The Israeli weapon systems are highly secretive and all that is known about them is through speculation and whatever little data is available to the public. Jericho is a code name given to its ballistic missile program. The Jericho lll is the latest of its long range missile and is an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. It can carry a payload of about 1000 kg and can carry conventional nuclear or unconventional payloads. Its range has been speculated to be anywhere from 2000 km to 11,500 km.
5. UGM-133 Trident ll:
The Trident ll missile is a submarine-launched ballistic missile. It was built by Lockheed Martin Space Systems and is used by U.S. and Royal Navy of the U.K. It can carry multiple nuclear warheads and can be launched by a submarine while still submerged under water. It is accurate enough to be a first strike strategic weapon.
The M51 is a French SLBM or submarine-launched ballistic missile. It was designed by EADS Astrium Space Transportation and is used by the French Navy. It has the capacity to carry from 8 to 10 thermonuclear warheads and can be launched by a fully submerged submarine. It has a good range and can act as a first strike nuclear deterrent strategic weapon.
Like Israel, China’s defense systems are also secretive but there is a bit known about the Dongfeng-41 or DF-41. It is nuclear solid fueled road mobileIntercontinental Ballistic Missile. It is probably the world’s longest ranged missile with range of up to 14,000 km and the capability to hit anywhere in the world. It can carry multiple payloads and has a top speed of Mach 25.
2. LGM-30 Minuteman:
The LGM-30 Minuteman is an American ICBM with a range of 13,000 km. It can carry up to 3 different nuclear warheads that can target separate locations. It is a guided missile and forms the part of the U.S. nuclear triad along with the Trident missile systems and the stealth bombers. It is the only land based intercontinental ballistic missile in the U.S. right now.
The R-36 is a series of Russian ICBMs and space launch vehicles. It was designed during the Cold War and gave Russia the first strike advantage over the U.S. The R-36 can carry a lot of weight and can carry more than 10 different warheads and 40 penetration aids. The quality by which one single missile can target multiple locations, is enough to catapult it in the list of deadliest missiles around.